PIE Comments

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Czy Chiny będą jak ZSRR?

Piotr Arak, “Rzeczpospolita”: Chiny są dziś przykładem spektakularnego sukcesu gospodarczego. Pod spodem kipi jednak od problemów – od nieefektywnych inwestycji, rosnącego zadłużenia firm po korupcję.

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How the EU’s fiscal rules should be reformed

Piotr Arak, Łukasz Czernicki, Jakub Sawulski “EUROPP”, London School of Economics: Two key principles have sat at the heart of the EU’s fiscal rules since the Maastricht Treaty: that governments should run budget deficits no higher than 3% of GDP and maintain a public debt no higher than 60% of GDP.

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The costs of growing up during the pandemic

Piotr Arak, “Afrikan Heroes”: Crises define generations. It will be no different for the young people who are experiencing today’s pandemic – the cost of which for them, in mental, educational and labour terms, has reached $1.7 trillion globally.

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